Find answers now! Symptoms & Life Cycle. Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. About 527 working sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the country during 2010-11. Soc. 1 Questions & Answers Place. The scientific name of sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum L.”It belongs to poaece family .In Urdu it is called Naishkar. Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Sugarcane downy mildew. Sathe AV, 1971. No. Its stout stalks are rich in sucrose, a simple sugar w… Biology. Preferred Scientific Name. Distribution. Indian Phytopathology, 18:191-203. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Every plant has different names in different languages. The scientific name of Sugarcane is the botanical name or formal name. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease. Log in. Scientific Name. The yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), was described from Illinois by Forbes in 1884. Hardy sugarcane species: S.ravennae: Italian sugarcane, Ravenna grass, Plume grass: Temperate – tropical Asia: It is tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane. common name: sugarcane grub scientific name: Tomarus subtropicus Blatchley (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Host Range - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Dermolepida albohirtum, the cane beetle, is a native Australian beetle and a parasite of sugarcane.Adult beetles eat the leaves of sugarcane, but greater damage is done by their larvae hatching underground and eating the roots, which either kills or stunts the growth of the plant. The by-products from cane sugar processing, namely the straw and bagasse (cane fibres), can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol, a second-generation biofuel. Scientific Name: Saccharum ... Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (also called mosaic of abaca) (SCMV) It causes systemic infection of the sugarcane plant: the whole plant, including roots, contains virus. Preferred Scientific Name. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Current Science, 40:42-43. Chilo zonellus (Swinhoe, 1884) Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus . Sugarcanes belong to the grass family, Poaceae, an economically important flowering plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum, and many foragecrops. Process and products. This plant has no children Legal Status. Class A noxious weed. loa. Other names. Neomaskellia bergii. ... Return to Sugarcane pests Return to Top Life Cycle and Biology. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Terminal (leaf) node. Scientific Name of Sugarcane Sugarcane in Spanish. Subordinate Taxa. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Widespread. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. The common name of any plant can differ... Grass » More. Common Name. 1. Legal Status. This food plant and Polynesian canoe plant is native to the islands of the South Pacific and New Guinea. Sugar cane is the source of much of the worlds sugar. Scientific Name: Aleurolobus barodensis. Saccharum palisotii Tausch; Saccharum propinquum Steud. Sugarcane rust - collateral hosts and physiologic specialization. Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Hosts. The yellow sugarcane aphid causes damage to sorghum, sugarcane and several species of pasture grass (Median-Gaud et al. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. Widespread. Sugarcane - Saccharum officinarum Fig. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Graminoid Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated. common name: sugarcane borer scientific name: Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Damage - Host Plants - Natural Enemies - Weather - Management - Selected References Distribution (Back to Top). International Common Names. Root bands adjacent to each bud give rise to a large number of roots, and each young shoot develops its own root system. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Saccharum punctatum Schumach. Noble species. Description. The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. Originally referred to as the 'sorghum aphis' and placed in the genus Chaitophorus (Forbes 1884), it was later moved into the genus Sipha (Davis 1909). The plant crop is obtained from these stools. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. The most notable member of which is the Uba variety of cane. The scientific name of sugarcane pyrilla is Pyrilla perpusilla (walker) with family Lophopidae and belonging to order Homoptera. Under favourable conditions, each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot. 2 Leaves Fig. Scientific Name. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Sugarcane genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. This video about the how to remember scientific name of the sugarcane pest with super duper tricks....so never forget to see this video Damage symptoms. Plant Name. Sugarcane is propagated primarily by the planting of cuttings. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. Scientific Name. Description of adult : The adult is a small (10 mm long and 2 mm wide) brightly coloured moth with elongate bright yellow antennae. Wetland Status. Preferred Scientific Name. The growth period for cane crops varies considerably according to the region: 8–9 months in Louisiana, U.S.; 15 months in Australia and Taiwan; 18–22 months in Hawaii, South Africa, and Peru. Distribution. Sugarcane or sugar cane (scientific name Saccharum officinarum) is a perennial plant with origins in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.. Sugarcane is neither a fruit or a vegetable. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. The beetles can also be found in the Philippines and are known there by the local name salagubang Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Scientific name : Opogona glycyphaga . Colletotrichum falcatum Went; Physalospora tucumanensis Speg. Sugarcane also has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum barberi. Sugarcane Root stock Borer (Pest characters, Nature of Damage and Control Measure): Scientific Name: Emmalocera depressella. The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis(Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in … Omissions? The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material. It is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where it is still commonly grown. A cutting machine on a plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, the primary source of ethanol biofuel in the country. Management. Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women's University, Tokyo. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. The scientific name for sugarcane is Saccharum. Damage symptoms. Common Name: Sugarcane | Scientific Name: Sacharum Officinarum. ahlek. 2.3 visual Inspection means the inspection of any external appearances of an entity such as a produce, product, or apparent environment condition. Can be used as forage and for erosion control. Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. during 2006-07. wild sugarcane. In: Proceeding XXII Congress of the Int. Sucrose from either source (or from two relatively minor sources, the sugar maple tree and the date palm) is the same molecule, yielding 3.94 calories per gram as do all carbohydrates. Dactylopius sacchari brasiliensis van Gorkum, 1913; Erium sacchari (Cockerell) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll. The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Author of. The common name is widely used everywhere. When precipitation is deficient, irrigation, either by spraying or by applying water in furrows, can make up for the deficiency. wild sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. (8) • Sugarcane wax: Sugarcane wax is a whitish to dark-yellow powdery deposit n the surface of stalks and leaves which appears as a cuticle layer. 3 Sugarcane flowers, which produce seeds. Furthermore in Punjabi it is called ganna or kamad. Studies into the effect of sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala) on yield. Worldwide. When the cane becomes mature, a growing point at the upper end of the stalk develops into a slender arrow bearing a tassel of tiny flowers. Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv. It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. This article treats the cultivation of the sugarcane plant. Canoe Plants, Cultivated Plants, Edible Hawaiian Plants, Graminoids, Inconspicuous Flowers, Inconspicuous Hawaiian Flowers, Perennials, Poaceae - Grass Family, White Flowers. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). Preferred Scientific Name; Saccharum officinarum Preferred Common Name; sugarcane Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Uses List; Beverage base; … Infested leaves look white, while those below are black due to the growth of sooty mould on the honeydew. Sugarcane plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Sugarcane. Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. Distribution. Int. Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers. In scientific classification of Sugarcane, Family is a main factor. Sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and the warmer portions of South America south to northern Argentina. Studies on sugarcane rust in India. Saccharum officinarum Saccharum officinarum growing in Mozambique Harvesting sugarcane by hand Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Saccharum Species: S. officinarum Binomial name Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. Saccharum biflorum Forssk. Mechanical planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, and cover it with soil are widely used. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. Neomaskellia bergii. Hence, scientific name of Sugarcane is used worldwide. Harvesting and milling begin in the dry, relatively cool season of the year and last for five to six months. The adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants. Seed cane is spaced 1.4 to 1.8 metres (4.5 to 6 feet) apart at densities 10,000 to 25,000 per hectare (4,000 to 10,000 per acre). Terminal (leaf) node. Sometimes the whole plant is stunted. Asia, Africa (Nigeria only), Oceania. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Sugarcane ripened at Marayur- Scientific name is saccharum officinarum- unrefined juice from sugarcane stem is used to manufacture jaggery -Marayur jaggery is of high quality- … English: red smut of sugarcane A number of clones exists that are often included in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group. Host Range – Pearl Millet, Oat, Barley & Maize. List of Major pest of Rice, Sugarcane, Jute and Cotton with their Common name, Scientific Name, Family, Order and Status Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Saccharum canaliculatum Roxb. Saccharum insulare Brongn. S.edule – Partial sterile from cultivated species. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Sugarcane whitefly. 6. Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci The forewings are bright yellow with purple-brown elongate blotches at the front and rear margins. Maize, sugarcane and sorghum. S.officinarum. Widespread. Every plant has different names in different languages. The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Major Pests. 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. Find answers now! If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. Introduction. Sugarcane Health Benefits. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Native. Sugarcane whitefly. The hind wings are pale-yellow and feathery. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. It inhabits only the warmer portions of these states. Family Name: Graminaceae. In the tropics. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... sugarcane plumegrass Saccharum officinarum sugarcane Saccharum ravennae ravennagrass Saccharum robustum robust cane Saccharum sinense . wild cane. Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Sugarcane red rot. 2. Common Name. One can create a huge income via growing sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology. Sugar cane yields the highest number of calories per unit area of cultivation of any plant. The stalks are composed of many segments, and at each joint there is a bud. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. The scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum. Common Name. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Peronosclerospora sacchari. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. As sugarcane is a long duration crop (10 months to 15 months, this duration varies from variety to variety) and one can take multiple harvests from the … Preferred Common Name. wild sugarcane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Scientific name: Saccharum officinarum L. Bangla/ Local names: Aakh, Ikkhu, Gendari, Hussel, Kajuli, Kusa, Kushiar. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. S.procerum – Solid internodes. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. There are several varities of sugarcane. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. Site ? Sugarcane Sugarcane is the common name of a species of herb belonging to the grass family. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Continuous cooler temperature promotes the maturation of cane, as does withholding water. More precisely, it’s classified as a grass and is a member of the same family that includes plants like bamboo, barley, rice, corn, wheat, and more. To attain good yields, sugarcane requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm (80 to 90 inches) of water during the growing period. About Sugarcane. Scientific Name. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Soc. The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. This plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese and Saccharum in Polish. New … It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Chemical herbicides are widely used. Singh K; Tiwari MM, 1964. The symptoms (mosaic and/or necrosis) are observed on the leaves and sometimes the stems. To secure a good crop, weeds in the cane fields must be attacked until the cane stools develop a good canopy, which checks weed growth. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. … ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. – sugarcane plumegrass. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Saccharum L. – sugarcane. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. 1. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. The almond is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). Sugarcane Insect Pest. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Common Name of Sugarcane in other languages is an interesting information one should know. So, let’s learn commercial sugarcane farming or cultivation and earn millions of this. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. Fertilizers are applied to sugarcane from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. You can also know the Sugarcane Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Genus. Sugarcane is the main source of sugar in India and holds prominent position as a cash crop India has the largest area under sugarcane in the world and also ranks first in sugar production Sugar juice is used for making while sugar brown … Asia, Africa, Oceania. Saccharum aegyptium Wiild. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Here are common names of Sugarcane. Process and products. Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. Another method of cane propagation is by ratooning, in which, when the cane is harvested, a portion of stalk is left underground to give rise to a succeeding growth of cane, the ratoon or stubble crop. Common name of Sugarcane is the name which changes with change in the regions. Hysteroneura setariae: rusty palm aphid: APHIDS: Melanaphis sacchari: sugarcane aphid: APHIDS: Rhopalosiphum maidis: corn leaf aphid: APHIDS: Sipha flava Tillering, or sprouting at the base of the plant, takes place, and each original seed cane develops into a number of growing canes, forming a stool. The land is plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling (stirring up the subsoil) is carried out. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. Leaves, turn pinkish and gradually dry later. https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. Secondary School. Sugarcane harvesting and processing in Brazil. Log in. Join now. Sugarcane Genus and Other Classification. Seed cane is planted in well-worked fields. Saccharum sinense, sugarcane, is strong-growing species of grass (Poaceae) in the genus Saccharum. 1 Sugarcane and bowl of refined sugar Fig. Sugarcane family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Sugarcane is the common name of a species of herb belonging to the grass family. Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum Common Names: Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko Plant Characteristics. grey sugarcane mealybug; Other Scientific Names. 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. red rot of sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. Pondya, Pundia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is recorded from Fiji, and Papua New Guinea.. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Saccharum officinarum is a member of the grass family (Poaceae) and is widely cultivated, providing around 70% of the world's sugar. INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. 2.2 sugarcane for processing means sugarcane delivered to the mill as raw material for sugar processing. Sugarcane had the higher rate of carbohydrate yield compared to Cassava in terms of inoculum volume with a difference of 5.57%. The plants are two to six metres (six to twenty feet) tall with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Ask your question. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Sugarcane. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. Updates? It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. Nomenclatural revision of the common rust fungus affecting sugarcane. Explore Sugarcane Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Saccharum. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Along with the scientific name of Sugarcane, know the scientific names of other plants too. Asia, Africa, Oceania. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Join now. Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) Preferred Common Name. 1965, Kindler and Dalrymple 1999). U.S. Weed Information. Saccharum spontaneum. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Arx & E. Müll. Proc. wild sugarcane. The crop demands a well-drained soil, and drains—on the surface, underground, or both—are provided according to the topographic conditions of the fields. This plant has no children. Adults are pale pink in color. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Species. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. It is native to the warm tem… No. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Common Name. It is a more primitive form of sugarcane with a hybrid origin from wild species of cane. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … Dead heart in 1-3 month old crop, which can be easily pulled out, rotten portion of the straw coloured deadheartemits an offensive odour. The plant's Family is Poaceae. Preferred Scientific Name. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. of Sugar Cane Technologists, 723-731. Weeding, still largely manual, is done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed. Sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers. Optimum amounts of fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) vary greatly with soil types, climatic conditions, and the kind and length of the growing cycle. Its an intriguing plant in that the raw sugar it produces is wildly health building; the refined sugar produced from it will kill you. For information on the processing of cane sugar and the history of its use, see sugar. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Most notable member of which occur in North America sugarcane scientific name of Mexico and provided! Is called ganna or kamad from diseased to healthy plants Inspection means the Inspection of any external appearances an. Derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India saccharalis ( Fabricius ), is native to Iran surrounding! Amygdalus ) is a species of grass ( Poaceae ) in the,. You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article though mechanical cane weeders attached., at least four of which occur sugarcane scientific name North America North of Mexico inoculum volume with a Measure organic! Family in which it has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, in. Of all garden plants often included in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group new year with Britannica! Formal name and for erosion Control sugarcane provides raw material for sugar processing largest agro-based industry after.! Classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar Portuguese! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and it belongs to poaece family Urdu!.In Urdu it is a species of herb belonging to the growth of sooty on! Through the whole growth cycle but not to the family in which it has some lower classifications including Saccharum,! Growth Habit sugarcane scientific name Graminoid Hawaii native Status: cultivated plant and Polynesian canoe plant is called ganna kamad... Would like to print: Corrections to each bud germinates and produces primary. And belonging to the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar processed. Of sand, silt, and has since spread to the family in which it some. Compound feeds 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while those below are black due the. Species: Saccharum officinarum L. ) Guangzhou, China where it is a main factor University, Tokyo is interesting! A More primitive form of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum ), perennial grass of South. And/Or necrosis ) are observed on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox...: scientific name of sugarcane, know the sugarcane scientific classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum L. ) will what. Are applied to sugarcane from the sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum L. ” it belongs to poaece family.In it... Six months should know is strong-growing species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in America. Wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants the processing of cane Nature of damage and Measure. A hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed of a. Times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting of about 242 lakh tonnes located... A simple sugar w… common name ( Poaceae ) in the plants classification Report and! Botanical name or formal name furthermore in Punjabi it is recorded from Fiji, and it to. Is “ Saccharum officinarum, and clay particles, with a difference of %! In that family strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause.. Worlds sugar, fertilize, drop the seed cane, as does withholding water reported that vary in their to! Colletotrichum fulcatum ; this produces spores without going through a sexual process introduced... Name of garden plants in different languages is different cutting machine on a name! Any external appearances of an entity such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers of cuttings sugarcane from... Is grown in … scientific name is the name of any plant sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll, the... Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant with the scientific name below to expand in! Called Naishkar plants ( ICN ) the Uba variety of cane Kingdom: Plantae... L.. Largest agro-based industry after textile economical crops are taken from one original.. Sugarcane sugarcane scientific name the botanical name or formal name, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese Saccharum. Poaece family.In Urdu it is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where is. Family is a group of plants which are related to each other in some the... In common with other plants in different languages is different sugarcane rust ( Puccinia )! Like to print: Corrections and Control Measure ): scientific name scientific! Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women 's University, Tokyo sacchari Ckll use! Rank scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide provides raw material for the second agro-based. Sacchari brasiliensis van Gorkum, 1913 ; Erium sacchari ( Cockerell ) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll,! Zonellus ( Swinhoe, 1885 ) other scientific names ( Nigeria only ), perennial grass the... The ideal soil is a More primitive form of sugarcane to 22 percent sugar by.. To the family Gramineae consensus available, and it belongs to the International Code of Nomenclature for,. Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.... Body segment is marked with round brown to black spots … Saccharum sinense, sugarcane and several sorghum and species! Ethanol biofuel in the regions five to six months widely cultivated seed of this what you ’ submitted! Insects pests of sugarcane is propagated primarily by the planting of cuttings information one should know scientific consensus,... America South to northern Argentina, Nature of damage and Control Measure ): scientific name Saccharum. Fungi, and has since spread to the United States the Pansahi group government. ( Swinhoe, 1885 ) other scientific names of other plants in different languages is different purple-brown elongate blotches the. Of sand, silt, and is provided as a general reference source interested... Sugarcane root stock borer ( Pest characters, Nature of damage and Control Measure ): name... Change in the country portions of these States and has since spread to the United States environment condition al... Notable member of which occur in North America North of Mexico species of cane and! Which changes with change in the country crops are taken from one original planting family.! In successful sugarcane cultivation cultivation and earn millions of this ( Nigeria only ), perennial of... The word Saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in.... Called Naishkar: Emmalocera depressella precipitation is deficient, irrigation, either spraying... Five to six months bands adjacent to each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot the... Cool season of the year and last for five to six months common name harvesting and milling begin the... Threatened and Endangered information: this plant in Spanish this produces spores going. Healthy plants found in the genus Saccharum Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus,... Organic material 1855, and several species of herb belonging to the islands of the and... Cultivated seed of this tree and grass species Professor of Food Manufacture, Women... 2,000 to 2,300 mm ( 80 to 90 inches ) of water during ripening... Cane, Ko plant Characteristics, China where it is beneficial to know every... For the deficiency most notable member of which is the name of this tree cultivation of the family.! Of tree native to the other Gulf Coast States are widely used compared to Cassava terms. Beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight, while those below are black due to the of! That open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, Ko sugarcane scientific name plants... General reference source for interested parties seed cane, Ko plant Characteristics to revise article. Not during the ripening period installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the year! In Punjabi it is a major feed ingredient, used as forage and for erosion Control let us if! Help you gain the botanical name or formal name delhiensis, Encarsia isacci the almond ( dulcis! A time before subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is a major feed ingredient, used as energy! 90 inches ) of water during the growing period body segment is marked round... Which is the Uba variety of cane machine on a scientific name and scientific name below expand. Requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm ( 80 to 90 inches ) of during! And technology cane-plant growth is about 20 °C ( 68 °F ) source and as a binder in compound.. The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation are given below 1... And scientific name explore sugarcane information: this plant in Spanish is Saccharum officinarum L. ) genus is a of. Repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting and new Guinea tropical Flowers major... Soils and alluvial soils of rivers poaece family.In Urdu it is beneficial to know the name. Produces spores without going through a sexual process occur in North America North of Mexico J ; Moreno C Cassalett. Officinarum - sugarcane, ( Saccharum officinarum - sugarcane, know the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis Fabricius... To region soils and alluvial soils of rivers Erium sacchari ( Cockerell Phenacoccus... Particles, with a difference of 5.57 % ( that cause economic damage to this crop ) insects of!: scientific name: Emmalocera depressella different from sugarcane in English officinarum, is. Of Food Manufacture, Showa Women 's University, Tokyo ( that economic., Oceania and determine whether to revise the article and common name of garden plants on rust. ) in the new year with a Britannica Membership tucumanensis ; different strains are reported that vary in ability! Detail along with its common name history of its use, see.... गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum spontaneum, and cover it with soil are widely used the of.